Learn How to Box – Punching

Read on and there are video links galore at the bottom of the page…

Punching is what everyone automatically associates with boxing, and why wouldn’t you?  After all, punching is what ultimately delivers victory.  The absence of punching will not only lead to a rather dull boxing encounter, it may also lead to one or both boxers being disqualified for not being proactive.  In short, to learn how to box we really do need to throw punches and throw them well.

In the broadest terms, we can group punches into 3 areas:

  • Straights
  • Hooks
  • Uppercuts

There are some variations, but in general terms these are the types of punches, or ‘shots’ as they are more commonly referred to, that are thrown in a boxing match.

So, we have 3 types of shot.  We can then state that these shots are thrown at different ranges.  Again, we can identify 3 ‘ranges’ in which shots are thrown:

  • Short range
  • Mid range
  • Long range

If you haven’t already, check out the article on ‘Range in Boxing’ which covers in some detail the concept of short, mid and long range and some other useful stuff as well.

A simple statement we can now make is that straight punches will always be thrown at long range, whilst hooks and uppercuts can be thrown at any of these ranges.

Finally, we can deliver our shots to the opponent’s head or the opponent’s body, with either our left or right hand.  If you are an orthodox, the left hand is also described as your ‘lead hand’ and your right hand as the ‘back hand’.  The opposite is true in reverse if you are a southpaw boxer. So, we can see that there are lots and lots of variations that are possible.

Below are links to each of the shots covered on the myboxingcoach site.  If you are interested and want to learn how to box properly, jump straight in and have a look around.  Leave comments or questions on the relevant article and I’ll post a reply.

Straight Shots:

The Boxing Jab

The Right Cross (Straight Backhand)

Hook Shots:

Left hook/Lead hand hook at long range

Left hook/Lead hand hook at mid range

Left hook/Lead hand hook at short range

Right hook/Back hand hook at long range

Right hook/Back hand hook at mid range

Right hook/Back hand hook at short range

Uppercut Shots:

Left uppercut/Lead hand uppercut at long range

Left uppercut/Lead hand uppercut at mid range

Left uppercut/Lead hand uppercut at short range

Right uppercut/Back hand uppercut at long range

Right uppercut/Back hand uppercut at mid range

Right uppercut/Back hand uppercut at short range


{ 27 comments… read them below or add one }

Boban September 26, 2017 at 12:35 pm

Is it possible that regardless of which arm is your normal dominant hand, you could theoretically learn to box from either stance?

It seems that punches are thrown with the ground force being transferred through the body structure. For example, if you can use the exact same body structure to generate force, standing regular or southpaw, my guess is that a right cross (or any punch) standing in orthodox should be thrown with the same power if you stood southpaw. I personally like to drill moves an equal amount of times if possible in both stances to avoid muscular imbalances. Since I’m attempting to use body mechanics and not arm muscle power, it feels that the shots come out at relatively the same speed.

On a side note, your videos and written work have completely changed my understand of boxing. I used to kind of “wing it” with boxing sparring (no feints, 1 punch/ no combos, weight on the front leg, minimal strategy, lack of moves, etc.) and if I knew of this resource then, I would have taken much less unnecessary head trauma. I’m getting closer to going back to boxing training at the gym as a completely different boxer. Thank you!!!


Fran September 28, 2017 at 6:37 pm

Thanks Boban

In short, you absolutely can. As a right hand dominant fighter, if you box southpaw then your jab will have increased power but your back hand will not necessarily lose power.
My advice is always to get good in the dominant hand stance and switch if you can and are comfortable doing so.
Hope this helps.


Fırat Dizdar August 4, 2017 at 7:39 am

Hey Fran,

It’s a great website of yours, first of all thanks for all your efforts. I have a quick question, I will be glad if you have time to answer.

I am new to boxing and recently started to train punching techniques, the situation is I have a injury from before on my upper arm. The exact place is between my biceps and triceps muscles. I asked that to my coach and he said I am punching with my arm so it is the reason. He said I have to gain power from my shoulder and body.

How can I train and exactly know I am doing the proper form? Do you have any advice, and any advice on how to soothe my pain?

Thanks in advance, take care.


Fran August 5, 2017 at 4:06 pm

Hi Firat

It really depends on the type of punch you are throwing. Check out the various individual skills videos within this section. your coach is right, all punching starts with the feet and stransfers up the body.

Be careful with the injury – sometimes it just needs rest.

Hope this helps


David March 16, 2016 at 3:18 pm

Great vids! Wish I’d found them sooner, better late then never I guess!
I was wondering if you have any advice on how to train while recovering from knee injuries. I’m recovering from a bad mcl sprain on the right knee. I haven’t trained for the last 2 months (kickboxing and boxing) and it’s driving me nuts. Should I just wait it out or is there something I could be doing to keep my game up? Starting to have that feel like I’m loosing all the progress I’ve made (only been training for 2 years though). Any advice would be much apreciated.
Keep up the good work Fran! Cheers from Portugal


Fran March 20, 2016 at 10:19 pm

Hey David

Sorry for the delay, and yes, better late than never.

Listen mate, any joint injuries (knees, ankles, shoulders and elbows) just need time – they can be particularly troublesome. Get the injury resolved, DON’T rush things. What you’ve learned so far is ‘programmed in’ at the technical level, it’s the fitness and strength that needs building up. Watch the vids, watch fight vids, exercise your brain and plan your drills for when your knee is good.

That’s the only advice I have kiddo, hope it helps.


Ike Muoma May 27, 2014 at 10:44 am

I am a thai boxer but have over the past few months used your site as a reference for the purpose of improving my hand skills. Very good and simple teaching points that are easy to follow. Would recommend this site if you are looking for easy to pick up boxing tips. Keep it up!!!!

Ike muoma

thai boxer and personal trainer


Fran May 30, 2014 at 8:47 pm

Hey Ike

That’s a really great comment, thanks so much for taking the time. Always rewarding when someone with a background in combat sports recognises some solid coaching.

Thanks mate, hope the site continues to inform.



Mike July 9, 2014 at 7:57 pm

Sorry, just reread your previous comments about not pivoting on the left hook.

Really interesting how you describe it as more of a thrust starting with the foot rather than a pivot. If I try and force a pivot it feels unnatural so how you coach the shot works for me!


Fran July 18, 2014 at 8:20 pm

Thanks Mike, appreciate that.


Levi March 6, 2014 at 2:39 am

This is just awesome. I can’t thank you enough! Exactly what I have been looking for- keep it up! Great stuff


Fran March 7, 2014 at 10:31 pm

Thanks Levi, glad you like it.


Fenton February 14, 2014 at 12:21 pm

Just landed here while researching boxing. I’m a bit of a late starter, apart from some very undisciplined ans scruffy punch-ups in the school yard, I’ve never boxed in my life. I’m now 56 years old and plan to build boxing into my fitness regime – running/weights etc. Your site is going to be a very valuable resource for me. Thanks!



Fran February 16, 2014 at 8:17 pm

Thanks Fenton. Better late than never and all that. Hope the site is of use in your quest, I’m sure it will be!


Mike January 25, 2014 at 10:44 pm

Hi Fran,

Just interested to hear what you think about not pivoting on the left hook. You obviously coach a definite pivot of the left foot and I know that is the text book way to deliver the punch but do you think decent power can still be generated without that pivot provided the hips and core twist into the shot properly?

I realise an arm punch is no good but I have noticed some top pros not really pivoting or am I missing something?



Macharia August 26, 2013 at 7:49 am

I appreciate your efforts towards boxing community.I learn a lot from you.Thank you


Fran August 30, 2013 at 9:15 pm

You are very welcome Macharia. Thank you for taking the time to comment.


Jenn July 25, 2013 at 11:18 pm

I am taking a fitness boxing class against a heavy bag at my gym. Your site gives me technique and perspective on the training I am getting. I have easily doubled the strength of my punches just walking through the videos, adjusting my stance, and shadow boxing. Thank you so much for all the work you have put into this site. I just wish I had found boxing 25 years ago because I have fallen in love with this sport.


Fran July 28, 2013 at 6:02 pm

Thanks Jenn, glad that the material on the site is helping you out. In terms of finding the sport, better late than never. I’m sure you’ll get enjoyment and fitness benefits for years to come!


Fadi February 16, 2013 at 5:26 pm

Hi Fran i just want to tell you that your site has helped me very much and I just want to say thank you very much! 🙂


Fran February 18, 2013 at 9:20 pm

Thank you Fadi, that’s very kind of you.


mourad February 4, 2013 at 3:42 pm

i want to say thank you fran for your time and your teaching methodes you are a great boxing teacher


Fran February 5, 2013 at 10:13 pm

Thanks Mourad, I’m really grateful that you have taken the time to write.


Jaekwan August 8, 2012 at 9:18 am

It was a surprise to find such a site, which provides so many helpful explanations and videos. I’m very happy to have discovered this site and can learn many things about boxing.Thank you very much.


Fran August 8, 2012 at 7:42 pm

Thank you, that’s very kind. I’m really happy that you are enjoying using the site.


nick May 10, 2012 at 1:14 am

http://www.myboxingcoach great site very impressive teaching style i have learned martial arts for years but you’re boxing training from this site is very simple and informative making it a great way to learn how to box i have learned alot and would just like to say thank you


Fran May 11, 2012 at 10:35 am

Thanks for taking the time to comment Nick, I really appreciate it.


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