The Right Cross – Boxing Heavy Artillery!

by Fran on February 11, 2010

About the Right Cross

Before looking at the video, ensure that you have understood the boxing stance.  After looking at the video, be sure to read about the mechanics of moving in and out and leave a comment!

As an orthodox boxer, the right cross is the straight shot that carries the power.  The right cross very often follows on from the jab but can just as easily be thrown in isolation with the same results.  The reason that the right cross carries power is due to the amount of rotation of the hips via drive from the legs.  However, if the right cross is not thrown correctly, it leaves the boxer vulnerable to attack and can result in a significant reduction in the boxer’s confidence in the shot, something I’ve witnessed regularly over the years.

In providing this demonstration of the right cross, I’m not saying that this is the only way to throw the punch.  As with all of the demonstrations of punching on this site, the aim is to encourage you as a boxer to distinguish between punches, however subtle the differences.  I am particularly referring to the similarities between the right cross and the long-range right hook, which in essence is a right cross which approaches the target along a slightly different (wider) angle.

The right cross is part of the ‘bread and butter’ of boxing.  The ability to ‘soften up’ a target at long range makes the task of delivering a wider range of combinations (incorporating hooks and uppercuts) much easier.

The Mechanics of the Right Cross

The mechanics of the right cross can be explained as follows:

  1. From the boxing stance the first action is a push from the back foot which generates the power to rotate the hips.  As previously mentioned, there is a significant rotation of the hips around the vertical, central axis.  If you think of the stance being held on the face of a clock on the floor, the left hip would be in the starting position at 11 o’clock, whilst the right hip would be in the starting position at 5 o’clock.  Following rotation, the right hip will arrive at 2 o’clock and the left hip would arrive at 8 o’clock.
  2. As the rotation is taking place, the lead leg (left) is bent slightly at the knee.  This bending of the knee enables the hips to rotate as required.  The rotation takes place around the central axis as described in the video.
  3. As the rotation is taking place, the right hand accelerates toward the target along a straight line, seeking to follow a line through the opponent’s gloves and onto the target.
  4. As the fist approaches the target (having covered about 75% of the distance), it rotates inwards so that the palm is facing down towards the floor.  At the last moment, the fist clenches and ‘snaps’ on to the target.
  5. The fist returns along the same line as before, returning to the ‘home’ position as per the stance.

Common Faults with the Right Cross

There are a number of common problems that can occur when throwing a right cross:

  1. Rather than a push from the back foot which ‘drives’ power through the leg and into the hips, the boxer may often ‘spin’ the back foot.  This results is a significant reduction in the potential power delivered by the shot.
  2. The punch is ‘telegraphed’, or tell-tale movement takes place before the punch begins it’s journey.  The most common giveaway on the cross is a ‘drawback’, the result of trying to hit too hard.  When the shot is telegraphed, it is very unlikely to land cleanly.
  3. The boxer allows the punch to become an upper-body movement.  Ensure that the rotation of the upper-body is generated by the drive from the back leg and that you don’t end up with an ‘arm’ shot.
  4. The boxer ‘bends’ the body off the central axis.  Again this will reduce the power of the shot.
  5. The final common fault is that often the left hand will drop from the ‘home’ position close to the cheek.  I’m sure there’s no need for me to point out why this is a bad thing!

Enjoy the video and if you wonder what punch can fit nicely after the right cross, check out the article on the mid range left hook.  This is the last video published which you may need sunglasses to view, my family have taken to describing me as Casper the boxing coach…there’s nothing like support is there!

Cheers

Fran

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{ 53 comments… read them below or add one }

Noah September 11, 2016 at 4:31 am

Should you focus on pushing/throwing the right shoulder forward, or pulling the left shoulder back, for full body rotation?

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Fran September 13, 2016 at 7:22 pm

I usually go for the former Noah (driven from the feet) but will use the latter as a corrective coaching technique if there is under-rotation.

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Dan June 21, 2016 at 12:32 am

Having watched your videos and practicing the back hand, I just now realized what I have been doing incorrectly for years now…I was incorrectly taught quite a while ago to transfer my weight to my front foot and after reading all the questions and feedback I picked up a key word here “spinning”…I always spin my back foot and transfer my weight forward at the same time and it never felt right! This makes total sense now that I just practiced keeping my weight on my back foot…big difference! Thank you to everyone for asking the questions that never crossed my mind to ask…I love this site!

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Dan June 24, 2016 at 12:35 pm

One thing I am noticing is when I rotate my hips my lead foot is straightening out a bit…definitely losing my 45 degrees…is my weight maybe too far back causing my lead foot to be too light thus spinning straight?

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Fran July 8, 2016 at 5:42 pm

Probably not bending your front leg to allow the rotation. Slow things down, bend that front leg and make sure you focus on that front foot. Bit of repetition and muscle memory building and it will be sorted.

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Fran July 8, 2016 at 5:41 pm

Very sorry for the delay Dan, mad busy.

Thanks so much for the feedback, really positive and helpful!!!

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Quang April 22, 2016 at 9:49 am

Hey Fran,

First off thanks a lot for putting together these videos and articles! They have certainly been of great help for a beginner like myself! Secondly, would it be correct to say that the straight back hand will hit the target at a slightly lower point than the lead jab due to the lead leg being slightly bent at the knee when executing the back hand?

Also, speaking from an orthodox fighter’s point of view, does the left hand jab hit slightly to the left and the straight back hand slightly to the right, due to the two hands being on opposite sides of the body?

Thanks!

Quang

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Fran April 28, 2016 at 9:10 pm

Hi Quang

You’re welcome, thanks for the positive feedback. When throwing straight shots to the head, aim for the pint of the chin or the tip of the nose. Realistically the mechanics will enable you to land the shot precisely and with power. What you say is logically correct but from a practical view point you should set your target and hit it, the technique will support you. Hope this helps.

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Mark March 12, 2016 at 3:50 pm

Hi Fran,

Another small question (sorry, English is not my main language) :
Does the lead knee bend at the same time or immediately after the torso is starting to rotate?

Thanks again!!

Mark

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Fran March 20, 2016 at 8:34 pm

Hi Mark

Your English is good. The knee bends as the back leg provides thrust – one motion.

Cheers

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Dave September 16, 2014 at 2:14 am

Hey, Fran. I’ve got a question on basic punching technique principles.

I’ve been looking at various martial arts styles, and a lot of the Chinese fighting systems and Systema from Russia tend to aim for striking with the arm as basically a dead weight that’s motivated solely primarily by the legs and hips. A good quote for that is that the arms are like weight on the end of a chain.

Do you think this principle applies to boxing, and can be used effectively in the ring? Roy Jones Jr. had whipping strikes that look like they’re done with loose, relaxed arms.

Much thanks,
Dave.

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Fran September 19, 2014 at 6:53 pm

Hey Dave

Thanks for the question. Absolutely. Acceleration and snap. I often liken it to the crack of a whip accelerated onto a target. Well worth pursuing Dave.

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Gregory August 21, 2014 at 12:47 pm

Greetings Fran, I have a query.
I do MMA, but I still have a problem in the “boxing section”.

I’m left handed (my left hand is more powerful and precise), so, for a boxing stance I have to use my right foot as the leading foot.

Using my right foot as the leading foot isn’t comfortable for me, I don’t feel balanced or stable.

What should I do? Train my right foot to be the leading foot or train my right hand to be more powerful and precise?

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Fran August 25, 2014 at 7:03 pm

Hi Gregory

Thanks for the question. Generally if someone writes with their left-hand then I would call them left-handed (southpaws). If they write with their right-hand then they are right-handed (orthodox). If you are lefty then lead with the right leg and vice versa. If it feels awkward then work through it until it doesn’t, but if you stick with the simple ‘writing’ rule then you will get results.

Hope this helps Gregory.

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Tadej September 3, 2013 at 6:04 pm

Thank you so much for these great videos and instructions. It really means a lot to me and others, who don’t have the means or time to attend a boxing gym during the week. I also appreciate the fact that you take the time and answer the questions that people send you. Congrats on the site and keep on the good work !

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Fran September 5, 2013 at 8:47 pm

Thank you Tadej

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Peggy August 21, 2013 at 3:44 pm

Great videos! My boxing coach is really fantastic, but these videos help me mentally process the details of the motions when my brain is functioning more clearly outside of the gym.

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Fran August 22, 2013 at 4:26 pm

Glad they help Peggy. Thanks.

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George Ou June 18, 2013 at 9:48 pm

Thanks for your generous comments. At this point I only know how to throw good individual strikes and combos but I’m still learning how to use it. I haven’t sparred enough so I’m still a very novice fighter.

“Thanks again George, great comment and I’ll put some thought into punching without the back foot on the floor”

You’re already effectively doing that now with the tips of the toes lightly touching the floor so pulling it completely off the floor shouldn’t feel much different. It’s an interesting experiment that can confirm whether you need to push off on impact or only push to get the body moving. In my experience I found that there is no need to push on impact and it’s snappier/faster punch.

I’ve switched to using the toes on ground like you for the standard right cross and it feels great and offers a little more stability. I only take the right foot (rear foot) off the ground if I need to step forward to follow the right cross with a left kick. Being able to step forward while punching saves time and lets me go into the next move faster.

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George Ou June 8, 2013 at 8:01 am

You said in the video “It’s about rotation, it’s not about driving the weight forward” which I agree 100%. You also demonstrated a pivot on the tip toes of the back foot with a bent rear leg which indicates you are putting very little weight on the back foot and you most certainly are not pushing off the back foot. Again I agree 100% with your demonstration in the video.

Yet you contradict the video by saying.
“Rather than a push from the back foot which ‘drives’ power through the leg and into the hips, the boxer may often ‘spin’ the back foot. This results is a significant reduction in the potential power delivered by the shot.”

I think it’s a combination of both. It starts with a push off the back foot to initiate the movement but quickly transitions to a spin on the back toe to facilitate more hip rotation, longer reach, and higher velocity fist.

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Fran June 11, 2013 at 8:28 pm

Hi George. I think that you nail the point in your final paragraph, it’s about the initiation of the punch being an explosive push from the foot rather than the spin. Is there some spin of the foot? I guess that there is. But the question for me is does that spin result in maximum (hip) rotation, or could it be provided with the explosive push and the bend of the front leg to better effect? I suppose that there are a number of ways to approach it. Great comment though George, thanks for taking the time.

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George Ou June 12, 2013 at 8:25 pm

At the time of impact when the punch lands, there should not be any pushing. In fact the video (if you watch slow motion) shows that you are doing the proper form where you’re on the toes of the back foot. I’m certain you can’t push while on the tip of your back toes when your fist lands.

The punch should come from the transfer of kinetic energy from your body. For a right cross, the kinetic energy should be in the twist of your hips and torso and it should not come from too much forward motion because that will throw you off balance and open you to an easy & devastating counter.

Of course the twisting motion initially came from a push but once you’ve pushed off you just let the body fly and the arm is merely along for the ride. When the fist lands the arm is near full extension so it doesn’t really need a lot of effort from the triceps.

This is a very important point because too many people push at the time of impact. People who push the punch are mostly just wasting a lot of energy and they don’t have the same impact velocity because they’re not letting the body fly.

I can even do the right cross while dragging the back toe forward or even have the back foot off the ground at the time of impact. I can land an very hard right cross with my back foot off the ground and it allows me to keep my legs under me and allows me to punch while moving. Given your mastery of the technique and how little weight you have on the back toe on impact, I’m certain you can try the same thing and land a very snappy powerful right cross. Give it a try and let me know your experience. Thanks!

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George Ou June 12, 2013 at 8:53 pm

As for bending of the front leg, it doesn’t help me spin because my hip sockets don’t allow my foot to twist inward. I’m a ballet dancer with feet that twist way outwards but not inwards and that’s typical of all of us. I can hit like a ton of bricks because I have good functional strength and very strong legs :).

So accommodate the twist of the hips, I actually have to spin (or pirouette like a dancer) on the flat front foot. I can do it with bent or straight front leg. I use a straight front leg if I’m trying to hit a tall fighter’s head because it’s easier to line my shoulders up with the target so that I wouldn’t have to punch upwards. Some people don’t believe that it’s right to punch without weight on the back leg and I try to explain that I can deliver a lot more energy with a muay thai roundhouse kick even though I’m on one straight leg and I’m even up on the balls of the feet.

BTW, your video was very helpful for me for my technique and understanding. I was having intermittent problems whenever I tried too hard rather than relax into the punch. I did fine with the rear foot off the ground because it stopped me from pushing the back leg when I had the rear foot down. But once I saw you up on your tip toes in the rear foot, it became crystal clear to me that I was incorrectly pushing on impact whenever I fail to relax. I switched to a tip toe rear foot like you and it’s working great.

The reason it’s bad to push throughout the punch is that it prevents the body from twisting forward. It’s crucial to push and release the body to fly.

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Fran June 18, 2013 at 8:25 pm

Some great analysis and explanation there George. Thanks so much for taking the time.

I was reading through your first post and wondering how on earth I was going to throw a back hand punch with my rear foot in the earth. Then I read your next post and it all made sense…

I’ve always felt that the kind of work that ballet dancers do could benefit boxers greatly. I’ve always felt that the power to weight ratio of a dancer who had been well coached as a boxer would be immense. Maybe you are the proof (albeit a well coached kickboxer).

The snap of the punch is what it’s all about, and the natural rotation of the body from that initial explosive action is what allows the snap.

Thanks again George, great comment and I’ll put some thought into punching without the back foot on the floor 🙂

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Jackon June 3, 2013 at 8:29 am

Hi,
Ive been boxing for about a year, and my trainer has always told me to “spin” the backfoot when I throw a right cross instead of “push” off the backfoot. Your video has really opened me to a whole new world.
I have some questions about pushing off though, for the first time in a year I’m trying to push off the back foot, but when I push off, I feel like my whole balance is falling forward and that I will fall forward and trip. So I don’t think I’m doing it right. Am I supposed to push forward, or push sideways?

Thanks so much for your time.

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Fran June 7, 2013 at 9:39 pm

Hey Jackon

Thank you for the question. Make sure that you are bending that front leg as you drive off the back foot. That could be the cause of that feeling of overbalancing, and it also causes under-rotation reducing both the length and the power of the shot. Another reason for the feeling could be that you are letting the body ‘follow’ the punch, taking your body weight forward and over the front leg. Really keep in mind that central axis (the steel pole going down through your body). You rotate around that. Work some simple drills on that rotating action without the punch. Then, when you feel that you have it, let the punch go at the very end of the rotation.

Hope this helps.

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J February 3, 2013 at 12:35 am

Thank you fran, your awesome, so basicallt by following all three of the “long range punches” it can be in the “2” motion? which means a simple 1-2 can be thrown with these techniques and still be a regular 1-2?

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Fran February 5, 2013 at 10:13 pm

That’s it J. Variety is the spice of life!

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J January 29, 2013 at 3:08 am

Whats the difference between a right cross and straight right?

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Fran February 1, 2013 at 8:38 pm

Hi J

There is no difference really, it’s just terminology. On this site I’ve put three types of long range right hands (or back hand):

The Straight back hand
the long range hook
The long range uppercut.

All slight variations on the straight shot.

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Andrew November 12, 2012 at 5:53 am

Hi Fran

I thank you for another amazing video. I just started boxing and I realy love the sport. The down side is that I am physicaly weak. I can’t do a full 3 set of fifteen pushup. I hear that the right cross is a good power shot and I practiced alot but I can’t seem to put power in the punch. I don’t think I’m doing anything wrong but just in case I keep on rewatching the video. Do youhave any sugestions how to make this shot better? Is there other variations that I might be able to use? I thank you in advance.

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Fran November 13, 2012 at 8:44 pm

Andrew

Again, thank you for the kind comment. Have a look at the long range right hook, it will help give you another way of looking at the back hand.

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Paul May 1, 2012 at 9:44 am

I’ve been boxing for quite a few years but unbelievably was never taught to throw this shot properly. I would always load up and try to transfer my weight from back to front rather than doing the hip swivel.

I think this is the correct way but also as you state in other videos its about efficiency too to deliver the force to the target.

I really enjoy these videos and learn something new every time I watch them

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Fran May 1, 2012 at 8:25 pm

Cheers Paul

Always good when active boxers go through this stuff and find it helpful. You can build it in with what you know and if it gives you another way of looking at things then that’s great. Versatility works mate, and skills pay the bills as they say.

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Brett October 4, 2011 at 3:21 am

So with the cross, is there a shift in body weight? Before I would have my weight on the back foot, and I would transfer it to the front as I rotated. I see at the 4:30 mark you say it’s “about rotation, not driving the body forward”. So does the weight stay centered, or is it still on the back foot?

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Fran October 4, 2011 at 8:05 pm

Ideally Brett, try to keep the weight on the back foot even as the shot lands. There is much more control and you absolutely do not lose power. Great question mate.

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Ross September 29, 2011 at 11:48 am

Hi Fran,
Great video!

One question I have:
Is there any rough guide for how soon into the body/hip rotation that the arm should start extending to deliver the punch?

I imagine that too late into the rotation, you’ve already telegraphed the punch quite a bit, but too early you probably won’t get much power.

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Fran September 30, 2011 at 7:14 pm

Hi Ross, thanks for the question. Little rule of thumb. For a straight shot or an uppercut, leave it later in the rotation. For a hook, release the arm sooner in the rotation. Don’t worry about telegraphing the shot, as long as whatever shot you throw is technically correct it won’t catch the opponent’s attention before it needs to. The point of release is about the trajectory that the shot takes to the target; later release=straighter on the ‘vertical plane’. Earlier release=angled approach. Thanks Ross, hope this helps

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Dave September 24, 2011 at 4:21 am

Another quick question, and it’s building on something else I asked you a while back!

You’ve said that you prefer people training punches at normal speed instead of slowing them down; I can understand that, it focuses on explosiveness.

But if I really, really want to work on my form because some punches feel awkward, would, perhaps, practicing most of the punch slow and exploding out for say the last three inches work? I saw this in an article about JKD once; I beg your opinion on the matter!

Thanks, Fran.
Dave

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Fran September 24, 2011 at 9:11 am

Dave. We all have different ways of learning, so absolutely I’d recommend trying anything that allows you to build the muscle memory for the move. Slowing things down can work really well, so jump in and do it. Saw something interesting on TV last week. The quote was “Slow is smooth, smooth is fast”. This works for me during drills and practice.

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Dave September 23, 2011 at 6:23 am

Hey, Fran.

Been a while, but I’ve got another question regarding the stance and the straight. In one of my questions on the stance instructional, I asked you whether you prefer having your weight even on the feet or on the back foot, which makes a lot of sense.

My question with that is: if you’ve got your weight on the back foot and you throw this punch, should you be moving your bodyweight onto the front foot somewhat (probably no more than even), or should you try to keep your weight on the back foot? With the powerful hip twist from the back foot push, I could really see you getting power without your bodyweight shooting forward.

Oh, and off topic- do you think you might do a write-up about Jack Dempsey? He had a very good record, although if you compare his book and your stuff on technique, there’s a lot of difference! (I personally think your stuff is better, though!)

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Fran September 23, 2011 at 7:57 pm

Dave

Spot on. If you can try to focus on avoiding that body weight going forward, you’ll get power and control. After landing that straight backhand, you could unload as many more punches as it took just because you’ve tightly controlled your balance. Well in Dave, great spot.

On the Dempsey thing, love the man. I actually used to work with a man who met him in his restaurant in NY. I will endeavour to do something on Big Jack, can’t give a time, but I’ll fit it in.

Thanks Dave

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paul August 2, 2011 at 9:35 pm

Fran,

First, I want to thank you for all the informative articles/videos you have posted. They’ve really helped me improve my sparring.

Second, I wanted to know about the proper foot placement an orthodox fighter should employ when throwing the jab-cross combo against another orthodox boxer.

When an orthodox boxer fights a southpaw, coaches usually advise him to keep his lead foot outside the southpaw’s lead foot so that the orthodox boxer’s right foot is in-line with the southpaw’s chin (thus enabling him to hit him with the right cross).

Is there a similar rule regarding foot placement for when an orthodox boxer fights a fellow orthodox?

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Fran August 4, 2011 at 10:05 pm

Paul

Thanks for the comment and apologies for the delay in responding. I’d say the main reason why an orthodox should aim to keep the lead foot ‘outside’ that of the southpaw is to manage the ‘strike zone’. By this I mean that by having the foot outside the opponent’s lead foot means that you are out of the strike zone of the southpaw (minimizing your risk of taking incoming) but he is in your strike zone (especially for the straight back hand). There is no similar rule for an orthodox that I am aware of. A tip though, try not to worry too much about foot placement. Your feel for range will come, just relax and throw the one-two – moving in with the jab and then holding the feet for the straight back hand. If you haven’t already, check out the Tag Boxing Drill article and see if one of the guys in the gym will have a go with you.

Hope this helps Paul

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jeiteki July 31, 2011 at 3:04 pm

Fran, I have a question regarding straight shots, and wanted to see if you had any advice. Do you have any recommendations on distance, footwork, angles, etc when practicing the one-two on the heavy bag?

I feel that when I do a one-two on a heavy bag, both the distance and angles are different from the focus mitts or an actual sparring partner. Here are a couple of specific examples of problems I’ve run into.

First, my basic straight right is aimed through the guard. I generally feel that this punch has more range than my jab. I find these distances work fine for me when executing a one-two with a sparring partner (who will often move back slightly after the jab) or mitt holders (who usually hold the straight right target slightly behind the jab target). However, a heavy bag doesn’t move backwards, so I feel I really need to stretch the jab to land both punches at full extension and rotation. Is this something other boxers feel, or does this just mean I need to work on extending my jab?

A second problem I’ve come across is that I often use a right hand that goes around the guard (eg, a cross that enters at an angle aimed at the left side of their jaw). I’ve been looking for a way to practice this on the heavy bag, but because the angles of the jab and right hand are different (compared to the straight right that goes through the guard, where the jab and right hand both enter at basically the same angle) I really haven’t found a way to practice this combination without a mitt holder. Perhaps this question is difficult to answer without a video demonstration, but I was wondering if this is something you’ve thought of before.

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Fran August 1, 2011 at 8:37 pm

Jeiteki

Thanks for the comment and sorry for the delay in responding.

Firstly, a straight back hand should with the correct body rotation give you the same range as the jab (it will fall short if you don’t rotate fully and there is no movement of the opponent or you). However, it cannot give you greater range. You may feel that this is the case, and this is not a bad thing as we can be fairly sure that you are throwing the shot correctly. Under-rotation on the right cross/straight back hand is a common and bothersome problem.

It sounds to me like you need to think about 3 things:

1) Where you start (i.e. the edge of range).
2) Moving in with the jab
3) Ensuring that your feet are stationary when throwing the straight back hand.

Have a little look at the ‘heavy bag punching (old man)‘ article. Are there any points on that that might help? You should be able to sort this on a heavy bag without too much trouble.

Onto your other point about the ‘right cross’. This sounds to me exactly like a long range right hook. Again, this is something that should fit really nicely onto a heavy bag. Trying the one-two-one-two with the first ‘two’ being straight and the second ‘two’ being the long range right hook. Try reviewing the technique of this shot and let me know.

Thanks Jeiteki, I hop that my response goes some way to answering your question.

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mehdi July 24, 2011 at 4:37 pm

I can not say how much this website helped me, thanks for your great advice. I came back to boxing after 4 years of retirement and I found you always on my side like a personal trainer.
Thanks,
Mehdi

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Fran July 24, 2011 at 9:18 pm

That’s great Mehdi. I hope that the site continues to be of help. I’ve got some more free stuff planned for the next few weeks, looking at body shots and some other bits. Thanks for the comment and I hope that your comeback goes well!

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Ivan June 11, 2011 at 4:47 pm

Great videos, such competence and the willingness to share it is a rare, admirable event. You make it look easy, but all of us who have dabbled in boxing know how much work it takes to achieve any level of smoothness. I also need a clarification which is by no means an attempt to argue about terms, but where does the straight (backhand) right fit, obviously in your video it is identical with the right cross. I have always believed that there is a clear distinction between a straight punch, a cross and a hook, be it long, mid or short range (and tried to perform those punches according to my view). As far as uppercuts are concerned, I couldn’t agree more. I truly admire your technique, a terms disambiguation is all I ask . Keep it up and keep us educated.

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Fran June 11, 2011 at 6:20 pm

Hi Ivan, thanks for the comment. Good point on the cross/straight back hand/long hook. I have come to see the right cross and the straight back hand to be exactly the same shot. We could debate that there is a difference, but I think that there is little enough of a difference to stretch the description. However, you are right on the money with the long range right hook. I hope that if you check out the long range right hook video and article this may make the point better than I can here. If you have any further questions or would like an expansion on this point, let me know.

Thanks again Ivan

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Lukas November 6, 2010 at 3:04 pm

First of all, thanks for this great website. Recently I started to train boxing and your videos and text explanation helped me a lot with the basics. I’m training in a professional gym but still trainer does not allways have time to correct me because there are so meny of us. I can see that you realy know what you’re doing and what is more importan for me you can explain it to beginners like me. I wolud like you to explain how hand behaves during punch. I konw it should be relaxed, but should I tighten the muscles and fist for a split of second during contact with target? If not while figting with out of gloves (self defence) I can hurt my fingers.

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Fran November 10, 2010 at 11:23 pm

Hey Lukas

Please accept my apologies for not replying sooner, an oversight on my part! The hand stays relaxed and forms a fist at the last moment before impact. With the right cross, this would be as the fist rotates at the end of the shot.

Thanks for the question, if you need any further help please let me know.

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Gary February 16, 2010 at 9:53 am

I’ve heard of shadow boxing, but not ghost boxing.

Great content. Keep it coming :o)

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